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In Japanese, the word for lawyer is “Bengoshi”. Under the Special Measures Law of 1986, a foreign lawyer licensed to practice law in Japan is a “Gaikokuho-Jimu-Bengoshi.” “Gaiben” is simply a nickname.

I was so licensed in Japan from 1992, the first Gaiben in Western Japan. I returned to the United States in 2015, and that license is now no longer needed for what I do.

Noneheless, I have used “”(tm) as my brand and registered domain name since early 1997 when, as best I could determine, this was the first law firm web site in Japan.

I have also been licensed to practice law in the States of New York, Massachusetts, Missouri and Illinois.

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